The Electoral College works, but the winner-take-all method needs fixing.

In 2016, Hillary Clinton won the popular vote over Donald Trump by almost 3 million votes (or 48% vs 45.9% of votes). However, obviously, Donald Trump won the electoral college 306–232. This scenario — where the winner of the election lost the popular vote — happened four other times in history. In the 1824 election, John Q. Adams was essentially elected by the House of Representatives. Although Andrew Jackson won the popular vote, nobody secured enough electoral votes to win. Thus, the rules followed the 12th Amendment where the US House of Representatives decided the vote.

In the 1876 election…

At last, NJ legislators have passed the bill to legalize cannabis.

Cannabis is coming

Last week the NJ legislature passed the bill to legalize cannabis. Governor Murphy will likely sign the bill into law this week. Read the law here. The legislators have set a general timeline of about 6 months for the Cannabis Regulatory Commission to write all of the new regulations to govern the new cannabis industry.

Legislators have admitted that the law will likely require some updates, but it’s definitely a good start. …

A comparison through the centuries.

Photo by Srikanta H. U on Unsplash


In this project, I performed text analysis on US Presidential State of the Union Speeches from 1790 to 2018. I accessed this data through Kaggle.

Each speech is a text file with the President and year as the file name. I did this analysis because I am interested in discovering the most popular words and word networks, and visualizing how the sentiment changes through each century.

General Analysis

To start, I separated the speeches into different folders by century (1700s, 1800s, 1900s, 2000s). For fun, I will compare Donald Trump to Barack Obama as well. …

Are whistleblowers justified?

Codes of ethics and the law share many similarities and goals. In many cases, breaking a code of ethics can be more career-damaging than breaking a law. A proper code of ethics is necessary for maintaining proper practices and fostering trustworthy relationships within an industry. While ethical values and legal principles are closely related, it seems that ethical obligations typically exceed legal duties. In my mind, the law exists to tell people what not to do while codes of ethics tell people what to do (what to strive for). …

Revisiting the Facebook x Cambridge Analytica Mess

A Progressive Approach

Data privacy is a divided and somewhat controversial issue. Mr. Kenneth Cukier and Mr. Viktor Mayer-Schonberger argue that big data analytics are revolutionizing the way we see the world and solve problems; they make an analogy to the iconic Gutenberg printing press. However, they contend that this boom has created privacy issues, especially when the old strategies based upon notice, consent, and opting out are losing effectiveness. Even with a perfect privacy framework, Cukier and Schonberger argue that complete anonymization is impossible in contemporary society. …

a brief response

Small Errors, Extreme Impact

This issue is becoming increasingly relevant and important to discuss due to increasing awareness and racial tensions in the USA. Racial disparities among arrests are statistically documented (especially for marijuana possession crimes where usage is about the same between blacks and whites, but blacks are arrested at a much higher rate). Thus, we must be extremely careful about introducing technology that may increase this disparity. …


Machine learning is slowly being integrated as a main tool in almost every industry. This comes with many benefits such as revenue boosting and better decision-making, but data scientists and organizations must be conscious of the ethics regarding machine learning. This is because machine learning isn’t inherently fair or just. It is up to data scientists to ethically utilize these tools in a manner that doesn’t harmfully discriminate against groups of people. One area where this is obvious is with predictive policing algorithms. A machine learning algorithm “learns” by making rules based on historical data and can be utilized to…

Welcome to my brief guide to conjugate-style powerlifting, also referred to as “Westside.”

A Primer on Periodization

Periodization is how an athlete chooses to organize his or her training. It is a way for athletes to plan their changes in exercise selection, intensity, and volume over time. Macro-periodization refers to planning over a long period of time such as months or even years, while micro-periodization refers to planning over a shorter time period such as weeks or days. Further reading: A Simple Guide to Periodization for Strength Training | Breaking Muscle. …

Reach the top of the mountain one step at a time.

Stop Waiting for the “Right” Time

Want to start exercising? Start when you get home from work. Looking to quit your job? Stop reading and send that resignation letter. Want to read more? Pick up a book.

Procrastinating? Me Too.

Sometimes I’m still a pretty bad procrastinator. For instance, I’ve been wanting to start a blog for a little over a year now. At the root of procrastination is fear and myriad excuses: I don’t have enough time to write, I don’t know what to write about, where do I even start? So, how did I finally muster up the time and knowledge to start writing? I didn’t. I…

Dan Gizzi

Data Scientist who’s really interested in law & politics.

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